The Army of the Will of the People:
the authorities must bear the accountability to the people, which elected them.
We present you the page of the Army of the Will of the People, the Russian public movement, whose goal is to establish a mechanism for the responsibility of the authorities to the people, who elected them.
the main problems with the modern democracies in various countries is the
unaccountability of the authorities to the people that elected them. The result
of this unaccountability is that the authorities don·t make any effort to
fulfill their direct duty in order to assure the well-being and the material,
intellectual and spiritual prosperity of their people. In fact, even if the
elected presidents, the heads of the governments and the deputies talk about
responsibility, really they don·t bear any responsibility for the results of
their government. There is no responsibility without punishment or
castigation, foreseen beforehand. The word responsibility presupposes
the possibility of the adverse reaction to the responsible person;
responsibility requires the punishment and reward of the responsible
person according to the results of his actions. A bus driver (or an airline
pilot) will be punished for his errors, which caused the death or injuries of
his passengers and will be imprisoned. For this, there are corresponding
clauses, provided beforehand in the penal code.
At the same time, justly for the
authorities, there is no direct responsibility, provided in the law, for the
mismanagement of government, although their actions cause much more tragic and
greater consequences, than the error of a bus driver or a pilot. For example,
how were the Presidents and the Deputies that have made worse the life of their
people punished? In no manner? Then, why should we call them responsible? Not
reelecting them to a second term is not sufficient punishment. The bus driver
also will be pushed out for ignorance of the rules of the road traffic, but is
it a punishment? So, as a result, the presidents and the deputies always talk
about their responsibility, although in fact they are the most irresponsible
part of their countries. This situation leads to the disasters, to the pillage
and degradation of many countries.
The problem described, is especially
acute in the territory of the Soviet Union, especially in the Russian
Federation, where the successive regimes of Gorbachov and Yeltsin led the
people to calamity (separation of the country, massive extinction of the
population, spiritual degradation of the society), but none of the leading
figures of the two regimes have been punished for the disasters, caused to the
people. The assurance of the new leaders in their unaccountability is the
reason for which the new regimen of Putin, following Yeltsin, worsened the
situation. (The first edict of Putin after his coming to power was the
declaration of the juridical immunity of the ex-president Yeltsin and his
familiars, i.e. prohibition of their juridical persecution).
These circumstances were the reason for
the appearance in Russia of a new public movement, whose goal is to make the
President of the Russian Federation (the RF), the Deputies and the Senators
responsible. That is, to punish them with laws for a corrupt government,
specified in advance. It is proposed to create a permanent mechanism of
responsibility for the elected authorities (its punishment and encouragement),
depending on the results of their actions. Within the framework of this
mechanism, the people elected to the power will be awarded if they improve the
life of the people of their countries and will be punished if they deteriorated
it. The movement is called the Army of the Will of the People (AWP), because it
suggests to turn over the stick and carrot (the possibility to punish and to
award the authorities) by the same people, which is the Supreme Sovereign of
the country. It is only with the ability to award and to punish the elected
authority that one could be able to speak about democracy. Without that
possibility, the people won·t really be able to rule over the authorities after
their election. In fact, the concept of the power implies the possibility to
award and punish the object of the power. Hence, the widespread electoral
systems of modern times are not really democratic, because after the elections
the people don·t have the ability to award and to punish the elected people,
depending on whether they act according to the interests of the people or
In order to establish the mechanism of
accountability for the authorities, the Army of the Will of the People propose
to adopt an amendment of the Constitution of Russia and the Law On the Trial
(Judgment, Court) of the People over the President and the Federal Assembly of
Russian Federation. (The two projects are elaborated by Yu.I.Mukhin.) For
the international spreading of this idea we publish here the texts of these
projects and the appeal of the AWP.
HAVE ELECTED? IT IS FOR YOU TO JUDGE!
THE GOAL of the
ARMY of the WILL of the PEOPLE
By means of referendum include in
the Constitution of the Russian Federation clause 138:
Clause 138. The
Federal Assembly and the President are elected with the purpose: by means of
laws and decrees to organize the population for the defense of the people (the
population and future generations) against the material, intellectual and
spiritual deterioration of the life.
The wrong organization for the defense of
the people of the Russian Federation by the Federal Assembly and the President
is a crime without period of limitation against the people of the Russian
Every citizen of the Russian Federation
is juror, member of the court in the trial against the Federal Assembly and the
And, to guarantee this amendment to the Constitution of the
RF we plan to adopt the Law:
For the Judgment of the Russian People
against the President and the members of the Federal Assembly
1. The purpose of
>Clause 1. The purpose of the Law is to give to the Russian people the possibility to award or to punish the President and the members of the Federal Assembly and to make them achieve the prosperity of the people, the constitutional defense and the improvement of the life.
2. The crime and
Clause 2. The
deterioration of the life of the people without weighty reasons is a crime
against the people; the improvement of the life of the people is a heroic deed.
3. Criminals and
According to this Law (clause 2) the President and all the members of the
Federal Assembly without exception are recognized criminals and heroes
according to the results of their government.
recognition of the crime and heroic deed
Clause 4. The
recognition of the crime or heroic deed of the President and the members of the
Federal Assembly is done in the course of the trial of the people over them.
Every elector expresses his will on this problem, based on his own conviction
on the guilt and merits of the authorities of Russia.
Clause 5. The
trial of the People over the President is organized in the moment of the
elections of the new President; the trial of the People over the members of the
Federal Assembly is done in the moment of the elections in the State Duma.
Clause 6. At the
moment of the elections every elector, who came to the electoral division,
obtains with the ballot-paper the draft verdict through the leaving President
(the Federal Assembly). The verdict contains three items: Worthy of
recognition, Merits the punishment, Without consequences. Every elector
chooses the variant of his decision during the secret vote.
Clause 7. If more
than a half of the registered electors decide: Merits the punishment, the
former President (after the elections of the new President) and all the members
without exceptions of the former Federal Assembly (after the elections of the
new Duma) are recognized as criminals.
If more than a half of the registered
electors decide: Worthy of recognition, the President and all the members of
the Federal Assembly are recognized as heroes.
If no one of these variants obtains
majority of votes, the solution of the people is considered as approving
5. The punishment
and the reward
Clause 8. The
criminal President and the criminal Deputies of the State Duma are arrested by
the organs of the Ministry of the Interior Affairs in the course of two weeks
after the installation of the new authorities and are put to the jail for the
sentence, equal to the term of their actual tenure of office in the convicted
body of power.
The members of the Council of the
Federation serve a sentence, equivalent to the term of their tenure of office
in the convicted complement of the Council of Federation, after the reelections
in their regions.
Clause 9. The
execution of the sentence can be:
suspended, if the President or the deputy of the Duma
is reelected or if the term of the member of the Council of Federation is not
cancelled, if the President or the member of the
Federal Assembly with suspended sentence obtains in the new trial the verdict
Worthy of Recognition;
reduced by half, if the President or the member of the
Federal Assembly with suspended sentence obtains in the new trial the verdict
Clause 10. If the
electors take the decision Without consequences, all the members of the
supreme authority of the RF who didn·t have a suspended sentence, leave their
position without consequences for them.
Clause 11. If the
trial of the people recognize the work of the President and/or the members of
the Federal Assembly Worthy of recognition, all the members of the supreme
instance of the power who didn·t have suspended sentences according to this
law, become the Heroes of Russia with all the rights and privileges,
corresponding to this rank.
6. The period of
the validity of the Law
>Clause 12. The
crimes according to this Law do not have period of limitation. The authorities
of the former convocations can be brought to the trial of the people and, after
obtaining another verdict from the people, can be rehabilitated, deprived of
titles, punished, or awarded.
inevitableness of the action of the Law
Clause 13. The
persons, brought in a verdict of guilty according to this Law, cannot be
amnestied or pardoned.
Clause 14. The
deviation from the trial of the people or the attempt to evade from fulfillment
of the sentence is an especially grave crime, chastised by death penalty.
Clause 15. If the
President or the members of the Federal Assembly, who have been judged
according to this Law, try by any trick to deviate from the judgment of the
people, then two months after the expiration of the constitutional term of the
trial, they become criminals and must be executed immediately.
Clause 16. If the
President or some members of the Federal Assembly try to evade the appointed
punishment, they must be found and executed wherever they are.
Clause 17. If the
executive instance of the power of Russia by any reason doesn·t execute the
sentence according to clauses 14 and 15 of this Law, the duty to execute is
given to every citizen of the Russian Federation and its foreign friends. They
have the right to act in respect of these criminals and their accomplices by
themselves, by any means and in any part of the world.
Clause 18. The
Russian citizen, who executed by himself the sentence according to clauses 14
and 15 of the Law, becomes the Hero of Russia without any additional
recommendation or decrees. In respect of the foreign friends of Russia, as well
as regarding those, who executes accomplices of the criminals, the matter of
the award is considered individually in any case, but the award must not be
lower than the second by degree award of Russia.
immutability of the Law
Clause 19. This
Law is adopted by referendum and cannot be changed later by any other form,
than by referendum.
We plan to adopt these amendment and
Law by the following mean. We will allocate to the Army of the Will of the
People 20-50 thousands fighters and will collect 2 million signatures of
electors, which is necessary to organize the referendum. In the referendum the
people will adopt the amendment and we will oblige the authorities to adopt the
If they prevent us to follow this legal
way, the AWP will force those who create obstacles for the application of the
Laws of Russia.
If you are a human and not only an
organism, join the AWP!
Although the idea of responsibility of
the authorities to the people is absolutely natural and vital to the people of
Earth, its unusualness frequently provokes incomprehension and objection of
those who acquaint themselves with the text of the Law for the first time.
Normally, their objections are due to a non-attentive reading of the Law and to
what the critics do not work out their statements and do not correlate their
alternative suggestions with the real situation. However, we believe that it is
necessary to answer with details the most frequent objections.
The modern democracy already establishes an effective
mechanism of award and punishment for the people elected to the power, by their
reelection or non-reelection.
Without having enough information and knowledge, an
ordinary elector is not competent enough in governmental problems and cannot
appreciate the actions of the authorities in a proper way.
The authorities, who already have the possibility to
deceive the people during the elections, will create an effective manipulative
machine, which will make people vote against their interests and approve the
actions of bad authorities.
Sometimes the right estimation of the authorities can
only be made some term later after their actions. For example, an irresponsible
government can engage debts for a massive importation and assure temporary
improvement of the life of the population (with a simultaneous damage to
industry). As a result, the electors will vote to award these authorities, but
the following government, taking unpopular steps to amend the situation, will
The egoistic population will demand the baseless
improvement of its material life. The power, depending on the population, will
indulge the egoistic wishes of the population, which will cause the conditions
of life of the forthcoming generations of the people (depletion of the
The authorities will not permit to adopt the Law and
will do everything to discredit the idea of the AWP and, possibly, to destroy
the movement. The unique way to adopt the Law is to come to the power first and
then adopt the Law.
The way to adopt the Law, suggested by the AWP, is
illegal and provocative. It will cause repressions, etc.
1. About the reelection.
First of all, we have to consider the common argument of the adepts of the
western democracy against the Law of the AWP, connected with their hopes to the
election system. According to them, if the president or the deputy is
incompetent, he will not be reelected to a second term, which is a sufficient
punishment for him.
We suppose that this argument is a consequence of misunderstanding
the purpose of elections. In fact, the election of any responsible doesn·t
depend on the appreciation of his precedent worth, but depend on the evaluation
of his capacities and abilities to govern after the elections. The estimation
of the former service should be established by a separate vote. For example,
the English changed the Prime Minister Churchill after the World War II, but it
does not mean that they estimated negatively his activity. The recent elections
of the French President (in 2002) give the opposite example: more than 80% of
the French citizens voted for the reelection of J. Chirac in the second round,
although in the first round only 20% voted for him (i.e. appreciated his activity).
According to the idea of the AWP, the
estimation of the actions of the precedent authorities and the elections of the
new authorities are separated, which will make it possible to restrict the
manipulation of the public conscience during the elections. In fact, in the
present, politicians force the citizens to vote for them, frightening the
electors with the worse opponents, and later present the vote as the
appreciation of their policy by the citizens (as in the case of Chirac).
We should also point out that the regulating capacity of not
reelecting is already lost in the majority of the countries, where a system of
the same several parties is established, which govern the country by turn in an
inappropriate way, but do not carry any punishment (only an award a few terms
later, when another party is not reelected).
However, argument 1 can be considered
using the analogy between the criminal law and the political order. The adepts
of this argument say: if we do not reelect a certain politician to a new term,
the citizens make themselves safe from this politician and his party (and what
about the others?). It is the same thing as if a court did not condemn a
murderer to a punishment, but sentenced not to give him arms any more. So, we
speak about punishing the politicians for their sins in the past, and not about
preventing future mistakes of a certain person.
2,3. About the competence of the
elector to estimate the actions of the authorities. The Law of
the AWP suggests to the elector to evaluate the authorities in the question in
which he is a very competent: in estimation of the quality of his own life. If
the life of the elector became considerably worse without objective reasons, no
manipulation will force him to believe the contrary. Anyway, in the matter of
estimating his own life the elector is always more competent, than in
estimating the capacities of the candidates to the power according to their
promises. For this reason the judgment of the people against the authorities
according to the results of their activity is even more important than the free
elections of the new authorities: the inevitableness of the judgment will make
the authorities act in the interests of the people and not in their own interests.
4,5. About the populist
policy, which will cause negative consequences much later. According
to the Law, the resolutions of the Law of the People can be reconsidered if new
facts are discovered. If the precedent authorities conducted the country to a
disastrous situation, the new authorities can organize a new referendum,
explaining to the population the reasons of the developed situation.
Besides, if the responsible government
doesn·t want to respond to the egoistical demands of quick consumption of
resources, then it should organize the company to better educate their
citizens, so that they can think about the forthcoming generations, about the
future of the humanity. (In fact, the authorities will be interested in being
judged by an educated population according to the real situation than depending
on an unpredictable Judges who act according to their emotions.) If the
authorities don·t care about the near future of the country (and don·t organize
such company), then, as it is already said, they will be punished by the
Judgment of the people a few years later.
6. About what the
authorities of today will not permit to accept the Law. First,
let us note that this objection does not refer to the defects of the Law, but
refers to the procedure of its acceptation. If the authorities are not
interested in the acceptance of the Law (the idea of the AWP is glossed over in
Russia), it only proves its necessity. It is true that it will not be easy to
accept the Law, but the support if this idea by various strata of society with
different political points of view will facilitate the task. Anyway, in most of
the countries it will be easier to accept the Law by a wide movement of its
adepts than to organize a forcible revolution and to accept the Law after it
(anyway, the new authorities after the revolution will not be interested in the
7. About the legality of
the way of the AWP. The way of the AWP is absolutely legal and hinged
on the principle of the supreme sovereignty of the people, recognized in the
Constitution of the Russian Federation. AWP does not hope that the Russian
parliament of today will accept the Law and so submits the Law to the
referendum. If the authorities create obstacles to the people·s right to express
his will, the authorities will put themselves out of the Law, because,
according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, nobody may take
possession of the power in the Russian Federation. The embezzlement of the
power is prosecuted by the Law. The AWP is going to kill the
scoundrels that prevent the people to accomplish with their power. By killing
them, the AWP will not commit any crime, because the Criminal Code of the
Russian Federation includes Clause 39 Extreme necessity:
1. The damage to the interests,
protected by the law, is not considered as a crime, if this damage is made in
the state of extreme necessity, i.e. to prevent the danger, directly
threatening to the person or the rights of this person or other persons, threatening
to the interests of the society of the state, protected by the law, provided
this danger could not be eliminated by other means and during this, the limits
of the extreme necessity were not exceeded.
2. The excess of limits of extreme
necessity is making damage, which evidently does not correspond to the
character and degree of the damage that has threatened and to the
circumstances, in which the danger has been eliminated, if the indicated
interests were damaged equally or more than the damaged prevented. Such excess
causes the criminal responsibility only in the cases of intentionally causing
The embezzlement of the people·s power is causing
the people such a grave damage, that the death of a handful of scoundrels is
damage obviously less grave than the eliminated damage. It is the same as
killing a collaborator of an occupational administration. It is not a crime,
but it is an exploit!
Such are the main principles of the
program of the AWP.